HTML: History

1989: The Motivation

CERN Physicist Tim Berners-Lee needed “a pool of information which could grow and evolve with the organisation and the projects it describes.”

☞ Read more: Information Management: A Proposal

1989: The Invention

Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web, HTTP, and wrote the first HTML page.

☞ Read more on CERN

1993: It Starts Small

Berners-Lee presented the WWW at the IETF conference in a small session:

☞ Read more: IETF 26 Proceedings

1993: And Gets Bigger!

NCSA creates the free "Mosaic" browser, and adds bookmarks, images, and a better UI:

☞ Read more: NCSA Mosaic

1993 onwards: The Explosion

☞ Read more: History of the Internet

1994: The World Wide Web Consortium

Berners-Lee founds the W3C to standardize HTML for all browsers to follow.

  • 1995: HTML 2.0
  • 1997 (Jan): HTML 3.2
  • 1997 (Dec): HTML 4.0
  • 1999: HTML 4.01

☞ Read more: HTML Version History

2004: The WHATWG & HTML5

Browser developers got frustrated with W3C progress and created a new standards committee to write the "HTML5" spec, which adds:

  • Form input types
  • Audio/video
  • 2d/3d Graphics
  • Data storage
  • New semantic tags
  • Drag-and-drop
  • ...and more!

In 2008, the W3C adopted it as a standard.