Bootstrap: Part 2

Using Components

Navigation ↓


A simple wrapper for positioning branding, navigation, and other elements into a concise header.

Require a wrapping .navbar and a color scheme.

Navbars and their contents are fluid by default.

Navbar Example

Navbar Color Scheme

Position - Full Width

Position - Fix To Top

Position - Fix To Bottom

Jumbotron ↓


A lightweight, flexible component that can optionally extend the entire viewport to showcase key content on your site.


Jumbotron Example

Exercise: Homepage

Forms ↓


Bootstrap makes styling forms easy and fast.


Use .form-group to organize sections of your forms

Can be used on block elements like fieldset or div


Use to style...

  • Textual inputs (e.g. text, number, email)
  • Select menus
  • Textareas

.radio and .checkbox

Use to style radios and checkboxes, of course.


Add a .btn class along with a style class to your button.

Bootstrap has six styles and variations.

Button tweaks

Use .btn-lg or .btn-sm for larger or smaller buttons, respectively.

Use .btn-block for block-level buttons.

Use disabled attribute to disable your buttons.

Messages ↓


Prettier versions of dialog prompts!

Triggers sans JS: Set data-target to the modal's ID.

Consists of header, body, and footer.


User .alert to provide contextual feedback messages for user actions.

Bootstrap has four styles: alert-*.

Exercise: Contact Me form

Cards ↓


Flexible, extensible content container

Replaced Bootstrap 3's old panels and thumbnails

Cards Content Types

A variety is supported! Mix and match.
.card-img-*, .card-title, .card-text,
.card-list*, .card-link.

Cards Organization

Use .card-group, .card-deck, or .card-column

.card-column creates a Pinterest-board affect.

Exercise: Gallery

Wrap Up ↓

Bootstrap Usage and Tips

Before you start creating custom CSS for your design, check the Bootstrap documentation to see if they've already created a class that does what you want.

Always be reusing, check if other developers have created a Bootstrap plugin you can leverage

Customize Bootstrap

Want to customize your Bootstrap page even more?

Just create your own CSS and include it in the head, below the Bootstrap CSS to add and override styles!

Bootstrap in the Wild: Professional Examples

Font Awesome

A font and CSS toolkit originally designed for Bootstrap.

Easily styled with just CSS and fully accessible.

Just add one line in your head to start using it.


Sass is is the most mature, stable, and powerful professional grade CSS extension language in the world.

CSS with superpowers! Reuse variables, mixins, etc

Bootstrap uses Sass style sheets to define base colors, types

Bootstrap Resources

Get Bootstrap: All documentation and download files for Bootstrap

Bootstrap Expo: Check out all the rad site designs that use Bootstrap

Bootstrap on GitHub: Check out the Bootstrap repo. Maybe even contribute to the project!


Thank you!